The worldwide system of grain bagging is adopted around the world in all sorts of climatic conditions - From Russia, Canada and Sweden in the north to South Africa, Argentina, Brazil and Australia in the South. Storage in Kenya, India, Ukraine, Romania, China and many other countries has made grain bagging into one of the major storage solutions for world grain production.
History has shown – grain bagging is the ultimate flexible grain handling solution around the world, from it’s origin in the early 1970s to the upscaling in Argentina in the beginning of the new millenium to todays grain bagging taking on a big chunk of the total world storage. Grain Bagging, Silo Bolsa, Grain Saving, Getreide Schlausch, the system has many names.
During one of the economic crisis in Argentina in the year 2000 there was no money or credits for farmers to erect silos and the distribution systems like trucks and trains didn’t work. Same year the harvest was a bumper crop and no surplus storage capacity was available. To save part of harvest, experiments to put grain into silobags took part on some properties. That was the start of a successfully new commercial way of storage for grain. The first years it went slowly like all new ideas and invention but around 2004-2005 it was very common in Argentina and it started to spread over the south hemisphere and into Canada. Larger Grain dealers started to adopt the grain bagging to be able to come into new area and buy grain without investing in fixed infrastructure.
Since 2005 Farm Mac has sold grain bagging equipment in Sweden and in eastern Europe. The owners of Farm Mac are using the system on their own farming operations since 2006. During recent years a lot of testing and developing of the systems and machines had been undertaken to adapt the technology to new weather patterns and new infrastructural development. Recent development is monitoring systems of the bags over internet.
The system is adoptable to many logistical systems. It can be used as a short time pre-storage before drying and for long term storing of dry and low moisture grain.
Conditions around the world varies and the technology has to be adopted to the local conditions. Rats, mice and birds are a common threat all over the world. In some areas other animal like deeres and coyotes are a problem like in Canada. Wild boars and foxes can be a problem in Europe. Theft and vandalism can also be a problem in areas with lot of people. But there is always ways of keeping problems on a low level if you know how to handle things from beginning.
Climate and moisture is a different challenge. In some areas the grain need to be dried and cooled before putting into the bags and in other areas the grain can be stored straight into the bags after combiner.
Even if the system has some cost and storage disadvantages, the cost efficiency is most off the time fare better than the local obstacles if they are correctly handled from start.
The important thing is that you don’t need to invest in steel or concreate storages with this system and can in a short start-up period of a few days be up and running a commercial grain depo. After completed mission, you can move the facility and machines to a different place and the area is the same as it was before.
In Sudan 2009 on of the largest grain bags depots in the world was built in the desert. It contained 250 000 ton of grain which were unloaded in a port from vessels and trucked out in the desert to be put into bags for long term storage. This – if anything – proves the enormous flexibility the system has. Currently, Farm Mac runs commercial grain bagging in Sweden and operations are planned to start in other countries too.